3'11" x 1'4"

Home > Runners > Silk Florals > Ghoum: 3'11" x 1'4"
Size in feet
3'11" x 1'4"
Size in meters
1.2 x 0.4
Pile (Fiber & Yarns)
100% Pure Silk
Type of fabrication
Type of knots
Origin country
Design origin
Brand new, one of a kind
$ 9000
Special Price
$ 4500
Sizes are approximate. Photos are not necessarily exact for color.
New rugs are of the highest quality and are handpicked overseas by the Bashir Family
This silk runner is a very fine piece of art entirely hand-knotted with care in the city of Ghoum (Qom) in Iran. It contains a signature in Farsi language which states: "Baft Iran Qum Rangbar". In English, this translates literally to "Made in the city of Qom Iran by Rangbar". Rangbar in this case is the name of the rug's weaver which in Farsi also happens to mean "colorful". This piece is very fine and is made of of 600 KPSI (Knots Per Square Inch). It is often put on display on dinner tables in Scandinavian countries as a table runner. This runner also makes for an excellent wall hanging just like a painting would. It is a very rare find.

A Brief History of Ghoum Rugs & Carpets

Weaver diligently hand-knotting a Ghoum rug. The luxurious silk and wool rugs of Ghoum are known for their high quality and are regarded among the most expensive in the world.Ghoum rugs, also known as Ghoum, Gom, Qom, Qum, Qoum, Kum or Koum, are woven in workshops of Qom, a city located in northwest central Iran. Since rug production did not begin in Qom until the 1930s, Qom doesn't have any traditional designs of its own. Qom weavers prefer to weave the most favorable designs of other Persian weaving groups and sometimes Caucasian weaving groups and adjusting these designs to their own taste. It is possible for Qom rugs to be mistaken with Kashan or Esfahan rugs. However, they will not be mistaken with Tabriz rugs because Qum, Kashan and Esfahan rugs are woven with the asymmetric (Persian) knot and Tabriz rugs are woven with the symmetric (Turkish) knot.

All silk, part silk/part wool, and kork (fine wool taken from the belly of sheep) Qom rugs are very well-known in Iran and abroad. The foundation of Ghoum rugs could be either cotton or silk. Most Ghoum rugs have curvilinear patterns and very elaborate floral motifs with intricate leaves and vines. As mentioned above the designs are varied, taken from different weaving groups. Some designs used in Ghoum rugs consist of vase, moharramaat, mir-i-boteh, zell-i sultan, panelled garden, hunting, tree-of-life, pictorial, Shah Abbassi medallion-and-corner with usually a circular medallion, all-over Shah Abbasi, medallion with open field, medallions resembling the famous Esfahan Sheikh Lotfollah medallion, prayer and all-over gul farangi (roses).

The gul farangi motif seems to be a popular motif also used in vase, tree-of-life, and zell-i sultan designs. A panelled design containing very different motifs in each compartment is also common; the motifs inside the compartments can consist of pictorials, vases, hunting scenes, and botehs all in one rug.

The colors used in Ghoum rugs are as diverse as the designs. The overall appearance could either be pale with background and border colors such as ivory, champagne, turquoise and light green, or it could be dark with background colors such as dark blue and even sometimes red. Red, blue and green are also used as motif colors. Other commonly used colors in Ghoum rugs are mushroom, rose, gold, yellow ocher and orange ocher. To learn more about iranian rugs, please visit our Persian Rugs section.

Sources and inspiration: Bérinstain, Valérie, et al. L'art du tapis dans le monde (The art of carpets in the world). Paris: Mengès, 1996. Print.; Jerrehian Jr., Aram K.A. Oriental Rug Primer. Philadelphia: Running Press, 1980. Print.; Herbert, Janice Summers. Oriental Rugs, New York: Macmillan, 1982. Print.; Hackmack, Adolf. Chinese Carpets and Rugs, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1980. Print. ; De Moubray, Amicia, and David Black. Carpets for the home, London: Laurence King Publishing, 1999. Print.; Jacobsen, Charles. Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1962. Print.; Bashir, S. (n.d.). Personal interview.; Web site sources and dates of consultation vary (to be confirmed). Without prejudice to official usage.

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Special Price: $4500

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